“SHODLIK” traditional music group (musicians from Uzbekistan)
The group “Shodlik” was established on 1 May 2005 to introduce the art of the Uzbek national musical instruments - such as the karnay, sournay,
nogora and doira - to the rest of the world. The instruments played by group of “SHODLIK” were used by the group's ancestors. These instruments
called people to celebrations, weddings and holidays. The doira is played at parties - it is difficult to imagine Uzbek dances and songs without
a doira, which is circular and made of different woods and leather. It is played with the fingers. The nogora is made of porcelain and is also
coated with leather. It is played with sticks. The karnay, played since ancient times, is traditionally used to call people to wedding parties
and holidays. It is made of copper and consists of three parts: the 'dahana', 'miyoncha', and 'kaba'. The surnay is also an ancient instrument
played during holidays. It is made of different woods and looks like a pipe. “Shodlik” group consists of up to ten people: four play the karnay,
four play doira, one plays surnay and one nogora. Seven members of group “Shodlik” appear in Trumpets!
(Tunes of Celebration)
The exuberant rhythms of trumpets and percussion, full of life, are reminiscent of outdoor festivals and celebrations in Uzbekistan.
This piece consists of a medley of instrumental motifs and vocal jokes, in the form of teasing words, based on typical dance rhythms.
Passing from one musician to another, different rhythms are used in this piece, developing from simple ones to more sophisticated ideas,
producing numerous types of rhythmical elements, ornaments, new beats and cross-rhythms. This culminates in massive waves of sound,
underpinned by the deep, snarling sounds of the karnay.
The traditional Uzbek instruments, the karnay (a long ceremonial brass trumpet) and the doira (a round frame drum) have a long history. Every
celebration, victory, announcement of New Year or other happy event was declared publicly on these instruments. Their tunes are transmitted via
an oral tradition from master to apprentice.
Playing the karnay is regarded very seriously because of the instrument's strong cultural, historical and religious connotations. For instance,
before touching it for the very first time, a player should dress in new clothes, symbolic of starting a new journey or developing a new
relationship. The instrument should be cleaned every day to maintain a shiny appearance. The karnay should never be stepped over, or put
under a table, or bed, but instead kept upright, and it should be held carefully, as if it were a baby. The mouthpiece shouldn't be placed on the
ground. And when it's played, the bell of the karnay should point east, to Mecca, from whence Judgement Day is supposed to be announced. By
pointing the bell to the sky, it's symbolic of communicating one-to-one with God, and then with people.
The doira is made from a wooden hoop with a cowskin membrane stretched over it. On the inner face of the hoop steel rings are sometimes attached,
which can make a variety of sounds, depending on how they're played. By striking the drum's membrane in different places, a range of high or low
sounds can be produced.
The nog'ora is a kettledrum made of clay or metal, and frequently played in pairs. The top is generally covered with goatskin and the nog'ora can
range in size from 6cm to 60cm. It can produce a wide variety of timbres and is usually heard in conjunction with wind instruments. More rarely,
it features in specific rituals as a solo instrument.
Find more information please contact us : dilmurod @ uzbekmusic.uz